Conserving Forests and habitats through REDD-plus implications
Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD) is a mechanism that has been under negotiation by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) since 2005, with the objective of mitigating climate change through reducing net emissions of greenhouse gases through enhanced forest management in developing countries. In the last two decades, various studies estimate that land use change, including deforestation and forest degradation, accounts for 12-29% of global greenhouse gas emissions. For this reason the inclusion of reducing emissions from land use change is considered essential to achieve the objectives of the UNFCCC.
SAFE has initiated community forestry with REDD-plus components for mangrove forests conservation in the east and West Indian coasts with supports from UNEP-EPLC and Korea Green Foundation. This includes species regeneration in women led community nursery, habitat conservation and mangrove plantation, creating economic opportunities for marginal farmers and fishers and preventing mangrove destruction for fuel fodder and agricultural clearance. Mangrove plantlets are grown nurtured planted for forest regeneration by community women as alternative livelihood.
RNFS: RURAL NON-FARM SECTOR Project Scheme on grant-cum-loan in Purulia
Manufacturing of Water Hyacinth Products from Water Hyacinth as an alternative livelihood for Tribal women of Purulia district
The basic concept of the project is to outline a business plan for rural entrepreneurs in manufacturing micro utility products from non wood forest fibres like water hyacinth that has a unique market demand for its green coefficient in the urban sector as the products are biodegradable, renewable and organic in nature. However, such products are often sold to niche customers at a high price as artefacts or designer items that usually have a smaller market share. The present project would attempt to compete with common micro utility products made from non biodegradable plastic or costlier metals with low cost range of produce and a green quotient. Water hyacinth fibre, which is profusely available as an exotic weed in any rural location of India can yield beautifully textured paper for making office stationeries, and silky fibres that can be twined to make various utility and household products.
The agrarian villages immediately need alternative economic opportunities for sustainable livelihood which do not necessarily exploit the natural resources and assure sustainable growth. The present proposal attempts to develop small and middle scale rural entrepreneurship in manufacturing micro utility artefacts from non-wood fibre products like water hyacinth and grass, and recycled waste papers generated in urban hubs of the district using mache and moulding techniques through inclusive technology corporation and capacity building. It attempts to device an end to end solution for production, packaging and marketing of the produce in an organized way and develops a bankable business model for further scaling up. The impact assures social integrity, economic growth, and sustainable environment development for the tribal communities.